Ear Training part 2

Ear Training 2

 

 

More theory is needed to get to the next step. I will try to make this as painless as possible.

 

For this example, we will be using major scales. The rules to construct a major scale is

 

  • whole step, whole step, half step 
  • whole step, whole step, half step
 
So –  two sets of four notes each. Lydian tethrachords to be exact, but thats another chapter. Two half steps make one whole step. So, in the key of C: C to C# is a half step, C# to D is a half step. So following our rules for a major scale, if we start on C then D is our second note. D to D#, half step D# to E half step, so D to E is a whole step and E is our third note.
 
E to F is a half step.  Without getting into a tangent to explain this – In the key of C on a piano for instance, you can visualize the white and black keys. there is no black key in between EF and BC, since the piano is in the key of C. i told you this could go off on a tangent. Stay with me….
 
F to F# half, F# to G , half, so F to G is a whole step – and so on. 
 
So a C major scale uses these notes. CDEFGABCD
 
Almost done.
 
Sharps # mean raising note a half step. Flats b means lowering notes a half step.
 
yes there are rules as to why one would use a sharp instead of a flat that we will get to in the future.
 
For now, when i say minor something, that means the something is lowered. By adding a flat.
 
Check out the example below, and we will start having fun on Part 3
 
 

Half steps up and down

 
 

 

 

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